The aim of WP1 is to describe the input resources to the food system as affected by the prospective climate changes, and to identify the most relevant trends (e.g. on rain levels, use/unused soil, changes in food habits) affecting future scenario on food and nutrition. Two main categories of inputs (factors) will be considered: biophysical and social/economic factors. Aspects related to the relationships between climate and inputs to the food and nutrition system will be considered in a general way, to provide a broad description of how climate change may affect the system. Such information will represent the basis for specific analysis that will take place in the other WPs.
Task 1.1: Climate change scenarios and data needs
Gathering information on the current state of knowledge regarding current and expected climatic conditions. Aspects such as quantity and type of existing data, Spatio-temporal resolution, downscaling and upscaling methodologies, etc. will be sought. In collaboration with the project partners, specific needs will be identified in terms of the type and format of the data for the analysis of the system. This information may be used (or useful) to carry out the activities envisaged in the subsequent WPs.
The work will be based on existing projects, activities, initiatives and programs. People from the different sectors and background, particularly to assist in defining needs for food and system analysis; Climate can be described at different scales, from global to local, the investigation of different climate change scenarios, either based on Regional climate or Global circulation models approaches with different downscaling techniques and different geographical sites
Task 1.2: Climate change impacts on biophysical inputs
Overall, this task is aimed at consolidating the current state of knowledge about the effect of climate and its changes on the biophysical environment of the food and nutrition systems.
The work will be based on existing projects, activities and initiatives and programs. Based on literature reviews and partners’ knowledge and experiences, the main biophysical inputs (e.g. crops, land, water, energy, germplasm, etc.) to the production, consumption and nutrition components of the food system will be identified, and the role of climate and prospected changes on them will be explored.
Task 1.3: Climate change impacts on social and economic inputs use
This task focused on measuring productivity and efficiency of resource use in a changing environment. Moreover, we will identify socio-economic factors which affect the better performance of resource use.
The work will be based on existing projects, activities, initiatives, and programs. Literature reviews will be conducted. We will apply qualitative and quantitative performance measurement methods.
We will use Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) which is a European system of sample surveys conducted every year to collect accountancy data from farms.